Mongolian nomad in wooden cart

Nomad in a wooden cart is making a noise in the distance.

These nomads are quietly moving somewhere by using their intimate knowledge about the landscape to find the best grazing for their livestock. It has been a tradition for many years to change campsites, love nature and keep the wilderness. The herder's life depends on weather as a result they learn how to predict weather be looking at their livestock behavior.

Mongolian herders don't move at random, but according to precise traditions. Mongolian nomads families move every season to uvuljuu (winter pastures), khavarjaa (spring pastures), zuslan (summer pastures), and namarjaa (autumn pastures). In winter and spring, herds are generally kept in a place that will allow them to stay strong, but in summer and autumn, they will be moved to large pastures for them to get fat more easily eating fresh herbs. During the warmest months of the year, breeders leave many possessions, because they travel in a smaller and lighter yurt, with as little furniture as possible.

The family chooses a good day to migrate and begins to pack the domestic objects. The migration in itself is sacred. Any quarrel, any agitation, during the migration or its preparation, is considered as an extreme bad omen. The day of departure, the yurt is taken to pieces and all the possessions are packed in carts, with the most valuable objects (wood-burner, roof frame, chest, religious icons, head of the family's personal belongings) in the front cart. All along the way, families will invite the passing nomads to share some tea. When the new camp will be set, they will invite their new neighbours.